India gained independence from British rule on August 15, 1947, a significant day that occurred almost 75 years ago. It was the result of a number of movements and conflicts that raged all through the period of British administration, including the famous uprising of 1857.
Many revolutionary freedom warriors, who took the initiative in organizing the campaign that resulted in India’s independence, contributed to the achievement of this independence. The Indian freedom fighters who gave their lives to guarantee India’s independence are featured on this site.
25 greatest Indian freedom fighters
Here are the greatest Indian freedom fighters
- Mahatma Gandhi
- Kunwar Singh
- Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
- Dadabhai Naoroji
- Tantia Tope
- K. M. Munshi
- Jawaharlal Nehru
- Ashfaqulla Khan
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
- Lala Lajpat Rai
- Ram Prasad Bismil
- Bal Gangadhar Tilak
- Rani Lakshmi Bai
- Bipin Chandra Pal
- Chittaranjan Das
- Begum Hazrat Mahal
- Bhagat Singh
- Lal Bahadur Shastri
- Nana Sahib
- Chandra Shekhar Azad
- C. Rajagopalachari
- Abdul Hafiz Mohamed Barakatullah
- Subhash Chandra Bose
- Mangal Pandey
1. Mahatma Gandhi
This is one of the Indian freedom fighter on the list of greatest Indian freedom fighters. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who was born on October 2nd, 1869, is regarded as the nation’s father because of the great sacrifices he made for India.
He not only helped India become free, but he also served as an inspiration for several international campaigns for human rights and independence.
Gandhi, also known as Bapu, is credited with introducing the nonviolent philosophy to India. He believed that a mixture of nonviolent protest and noncooperation with the British would lead to independence.
Under his direction, the historical Non-Cooperation movement, the Dandi March, and the Quit India movement were all launched.
- Born: 2 October 1869, Porbandar
- Full name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
- Assassinated: 30 January 1948, New Delhi
- Famously Known As Bapu
2. Subhash Chandra Bose
Subhash Chandra Bose is one of the greatest Indian freedom fighters. Subhas Chandra Bose was without a doubt one of the greatest Indian liberation fighters in history. On January 23, 1897, he was born.
Although a radical nationalist, he was elevated to a hero status by his unwavering patriotism. Bose disagreed with the Gandhian ideals of non-violence and thought that only armed uprising could drive the British out of India.
He was the Forward Bloc’s founder and managed to get past the British to eventually land in Germany during World War II.
In Manipur, he organized the Indian National Army (INA) and, with the assistance of the Japanese, was able to liberate a piece of Indian land from the British. However, he was eventually victorious because the Japanese had surrendered to the British.
Although his death is thought to have occurred in a plane crash in 1945, it is still unknown how he passed away.
- Born: 23 January 1897, Cuttack
- Famously Known As Netaji
- Died: 18 August 1945, Taipei, Taiwan
- Education: Scottish Church College (1918), Presidency University
3. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
This is another Indian freedom fighter on the list of the greatest Indian freedom fighters. The date of Vallabhbhai Patel’s birth was October 31, 1875. One of the most prominent and determined Indian freedom fighters, he was a top leader of the Indian National Congress and made a significant contribution to the Indian freedom war.
He was one of Gujarat’s most important leaders, organizing peasant uprisings against the British on the basis of Gandhi’s nonviolent principles.
He is recognized for his part in incorporating the princely states into the dominion of India. He was one of the first congress leaders to embrace the British idea of partition for India.
Around 562 princely kingdoms were integrated as a result of his efforts. He was India’s first home minister and deputy prime minister after the country attained independence.
- Born: 31 October 1875, Nadia
- Died: 15 December 1950, Mumbai
- Full name: Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel
- Famously Known As Sardar, Iron Man Of India
4. Jawaharlal Nehru
Another Indian freedom fighter on the list of greatest Indian freedom fighters is Jawaharlal Nehru. The 14th of November 1889 marked Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s birth. He was Motilal Nehru and Swarup Rani Nehru’s only child. In addition to being one of the most well-known lawyers, Nehru was also well-known for his intellectual prowess, which quickly elevated him to the position of finest politician India had ever known.
With the support of Gandhi, his mentor, Nehru ascended to become one of the most important characters in Indian politics starting in the 1930s.
After much consideration, Nehru agreed to the idea for India’s division in 1947 and took the oath to serve as the country’s first prime minister after gaining independence. In India, November 14 is popularly observed as Children’s Day because it is his birthday.
- Born: 14 November 1889, Prayagraj
- Died: 27 May 1964, New Delhi
- Spouse: Kamala Nehru (m. 1916–1936)
- Parents: Motilal Nehru
- Famously Known As: Chacha Nehru, Pandit Nehru
5. Lal Bahadur Shastri
Lal Bahadur Shastri is one of the greatest Indian freedom fighters. On October 2, 1904, in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, Lal Bahadur Shastri was born. His name was changed to Shastri, which is the English word for scholar.
He joined the non-cooperation movement at the age of sixteen, when Gandhi called him to leave his studies. Later, at the national university Kashi Vidyapeeth, which Gandhi had founded, he received a first-class degree.
He was one of the most active Indian freedom activists, taking part in a number of campaigns under Mahatma Gandhi, including the Quit India movement, the civil disobedience movement, and other satyagrahas.
Throughout his lifetime, Lal Bahadur Shastri was imprisoned by the British for protracted periods of time. After India gained independence, he first served as Home Minister before being appointed Prime Minister in 1964.
- Born: 2 October 1904, Mughalsarai
- Died: 11 January 1966, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
- Party: Indian National Congress
- Famously Known As: Man of Peace
6. Bhagat Singh
Another Indian freedom fighter on the list of the greatest Indian freedom fighters is Bhagat Singh. Bhagat Singh, an extreme revolutionary Indian freedom warrior who was born in 1907, was one of them. He was a well-respected but generally contentious figure in India’s war for independence.
In the undivided state of Punjab, this revolutionary hero was born into a Sikh family. He carried on his family’s tradition and upheld his patriotism till his death. In 1928, he participated in a plan to kill British police superintendent James Scott in retaliation for the murder of Lala Lajpat Rai.
The plan fell apart when Singh went to Lahore to avoid prosecution and they accidentally killed another young police officer. The next year, in retaliation for the Defense of India Act’s adoption, he and his accomplices detonated a bomb outside Delhi’s Central Legislative Assembly before turning themselves in to the police.
The British convicted this outstanding Indian freedom fighter of murder and had him hanged at the young age of 23.
- Born: 28 September 1907, Banga, Pakistan
- Died: 23 March 1931, Lahore Central Jail, Lahore, Pakistan
- Education: National College, Lahore, National College of Arts,
- Dayanand Anglo-Vedic Schools System
- Famously Known As: Shaheed Bhagat Singh
7. Dadabhai Naoroji
Another Indian freedom fighter on the list of the greatest Indian freedom fighters is Dadabhai Naoroji. was a professor of mathematics and natural philosophy who was born on September 4th, 1825. He received his education at Bombay’s Elphinstone College. Later in life, he changed his focus to politics and actively participated in it.
He had a negative opinion and believed that when British rule ended, the Indian economy would suffer irreparable harm.
Dadabhai Naoroji had the honor of preside over the annual meetings of the Indian National Congress in the years 1886, 1893, and 1906.
This eventually sparked India’s nationalism movement. One of his most well-known pieces is titled Poverty and Un-British Rule in India (1901). He strongly believed and believed that India was being taxed at a very high rate and that all of India’s riches was being drained to England in this essay.
- Born: 4 September 1825, Navsari
- Died: 30 June 1917, Mumbai
- Organizations founded: Indian National Congress, Zoroastrian Trust Funds of Europe, National Congress, London Indian Society
- Famously Known As: ’Grand Old Man of India’ and ‘Unofficial Ambassador of India’
8. Tantia Tope
This is another greatest Indian freedom fighters. One of the illustrious revolutionaries of the Rebellion of 1857 was Tantia Tope. He fought alongside his warriors against the hegemony of British rule after being born in 1814. He assisted Rani Lakhsmi Bai in restoring Gwalior and forced General Windham to flee Kanpur.
- Born: 1814, Yeola
- Died: 18 April 1859, Shivpuri
- Full name: Ramachandra Pandurang Tope
9. Bipin Chandra Pal
This is one of the greatest Indian freedom fighters. A revolutionary named Bipin Chandra Pal was born in 1858, the year of the largest uprising against the British Army. He promoted the rejection of imports and played a prominent role in the Indian National Congress.
He joined forces with Lala Lajpat Rai and Bal Gangadhar Tilak to form the revolutionary three known as Lal-Bal-Pal, and together they carried out a number of revolutionary acts.
- Born: 7 November 1858, Habiganj District, Bangladesh
- Died: 20 May 1932, Kolkata
- Education: St. Paul’s Cathedral Mission College, Presidency University
- Famously Known As: Father of Revolutionary Thoughts
10. Lala Lajpat Rai
Lala Lajpat Rai is one of the greatest Indian freedom fighters. He was one of the Indian National Congress’ extreme members and is infamously known as Punjab Kesari. He joined forces with Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal to form the revolutionary three known as Lal-Bal-Pal, and together they carried out a number of revolutionary acts.
He was the organizer of the Punjab Protest against the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Jallianwala Incident. He was killed while fighting for the Simon Commission Protest when the British used a lathi.
- Born: 28 January 1865, Dhudike
- Died: 17 November 1928, Lahore, Pakistan
- Famously Known As: Punjab Kesari
11. Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Another Indian freedom fighter on the list of the greatest Indian freedom fighters is Bal Gangadhar tilak. A famous independence fighter named Bal Gangadhar Tilak was born in 1856. He is renowned for the proverb “Swaraj is my Birthright.” To challenge British rule, he created schools and published a number of rebellious periodicals.
He joined Lala Lajpat Rai and Bipin Chandra Pal as the group’s third member.
- Born: 23 July 1856, Chikhali
- Died: 1 August 1920, Mumbai
- Famously Known As Lokmanya Tilak
12. Ashfaqulla Khan
Ashaqulla Khan is one of the greatest Indian freedom fighters. Ashfaqulla Khan was born on October 22, 1900, in the Uttar Pradesh district of Shahjahanpur. She grew up during the Mahatma Gandhi-led non-cooperation movement, which was at the forefront of her generation. Ashfaqulla Khan met Ram Prasad Bismil when he was still a young gentleman.
He was one of the primary organizers of the Gorakhpur incident known as Chauri Chaura. He fought fiercely for India’s freedom and demanded that the British leave at all costs.
Popular freedom warrior Ashfaqulla Khan, who was renowned for his genuine relationship with Bismil, received a death sentence for the Kakori train robbery. The Kakori Conspiracy of 1925 was the common name for it.
- Born: 22 October 1900, Shahjahanpur
- Died: 19 December 1927, Faizabad
- Organization: Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
- Famously Known As:Ashfaq Ulla Khan
13. Nana Sahib
Another Indian freedom fighter on the list of greatest Indian freedom fighters is Nana Sahib. In May 1824, Balajirao Bhat, also referred to as Nana Sahib, was born in Bithoor (Kanpur District), Uttar Pradesh. He was the Maratha Empire’s eighth Peshwa in India. He also went by the name of Balaji Bajirao. The Maratha Empire was given to the Peshwas by Chattrapati Shahu after his death in 1749.
He designated the brave Peshwas as his heir because he lacked an heir to his dominion. As the ruler of the Maratha Empire, Nana Sahib significantly influenced Pune’s growth. Poona underwent a transformation during his reign, going from a small town to a major city.
By building new neighborhoods, temples, and bridges, he completely reshaped the city. Having said that, Sahib played a significant role in the 1857 uprising by inspiring a band of eager revolutionaries.
In Kanpur, he overran the British troops and put their camp in risk by killing the survivors. However, the British were able to reclaim Kanpur after overpowering Nana Saheb and his soldiers.
- Born: 19 May 1824, Bithoor
- Full name: Dhondu Pant
- Died: 1859, Naimisha Forest
- Disappeared: July 1857 in Cawnpore (now Kanpur), British India
- Famously known as Nana Sahib
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This is one the Indian freedom fighter on the list of the greatest Indian freedom fighters. Sukhdev, who was active in the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association and was born in 1907, was a fearless revolutionary.
He was unquestionably one of the heroes of the Indian independence movement. He worked closely with his coworkers Shivram Rajguru and Bhagat Singh.
He was charged with taking part in the murder of British officer John Saunders. Sadly, on March 23, 1931, in Hussainwala, Punjab, he was captured and hung alongside Bhagat Singh and Shivaram Rajguru. He was only 24 years old (now in Pakistan).
- Born: 15 May 1907, Ludhiana
- Died: 23 March 1931, Lahore, Pakistan
- Education: National College of Arts, National College, Lahore
- Member of: Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA)
15. Kunwar Singh
One of the Indian freedom fighter on the list of greatest Indian freedom fighters is Kunwar Singh. The Maharaja and Maharani of Jagdispur (now in the Bhojpur District of Bihar) gave birth to Kunwar Singh in April 1777.
Among the other more well-known names of the Revolt, his name is frequently overlooked. Nevertheless, he made a significant contribution to the First War for Independence. The Bihar revolt was led by Kunwar Singh.
At about 80 years old, he was given charge of the sepoys stationed at Danapur on July 25, 1857. In March 1858, Kunwar Singh took control of Azamgarh (now in UP). On July 23, he led a successful battle close to Jagdispur after returning home.
Even though Kunwar Singh suffered serious injuries in this battle, the British, led by Captain le Grand, were defeated.
- Born: November 1777, Jagdishpur
- Died: 26 April 1858, Jagdishpur
- Full name: Babu Veer Kunwar Singh
- Famously Known as Veer Kunwar Singh
16. Mangal Pandey
Mangal Pandey is one of the Indian freedom fighter on the list of greatest Indian freedom fighters. A well-known Indian freedom warrior named Mangal Pandey is frequently credited with inspiring the 1857 uprising against the British, widely regarded as India’s first war for independence.
He led the sepoy mutiny, which ultimately resulted in the 1857 revolt, while serving in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) regiment of the East India Company’s army. Midway through the 1850s, when a new Enfield rifle was introduced in India, his largest conflict with the company started.
There were rumors that the rifle’s cartridges were greased with animal fat, notably cow and pig fat. The usage of the cartridges caused the Indian troops to mutiny against the company since it went against their religious principles.
On March 29, 1857, Pandey and his fellow sepoys rebelled against the British officers, even making an effort to kill them. On April 18, he was detained and given a death verdict. But on April 8, British officials murdered him ten days early because they expected a sepoy insurrection.
- Born: 19 July 1827, Nagwa
- Died: 8 April 1857, Barrackpore
- Occupation: Sepoy (soldier)
- Cause of death: Execution by hanging
- Known for: Indian independence fighter
17. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
This is another greatest Indian freedom fighter on the list of greatest Indian freedom fighters. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was born in 1883 and worked tirelessly as an activist and Indian revolutionary for the remainder of his life. He founded the Free India Society and the Abhinav Bharat Society.
He went by Swatantryaveer Savarkar. He was a writer who also wrote “The Indian War of Independence,” which offered insightful details regarding the 1857 Indian uprising.
- Born: 28 May 1883, Bhagur
- Died: 26 February 1966, Mumbai
- Party: Hindu Mahasabha
- Education: City Law School (1909), Fergusson College (1902–1905), Wilson College, Mumbai, Mumbai University
18. C. Rajagopalachari
Another Indian freedom fighter on the list of greatest Indian freedom fighters is C. Rajagopalachari. C. Rajagopalachari, a lawyer by trade who was born in 1878, joined the Indian National Congress in 1906 and worked his way up through the organization to become a respected Congress lawmaker.
Rajagopalachari was a political giant in modern-day India. He was a devoted follower of Mahatma Gandhi and a pre-independence member of the Indian National Congress.
He was a devout follower of He participated actively in Lajpat Rai’s Non-Cooperation Movement as well.
- Born: 10 December 1878, Thorapalli
- Died: 25 December 1972, Chennai
- Education: Presidency college, Bangalore central University (1894), Bangalore University
- Famously known as CR, Mango of Krishnagiri, Rajaji
Awards: Bharat Ratna
19. Ram Prasad Bismil
Ram Prasad is one of the greatest Indian freedom fighters, With a desire for freedom and a revolutionary spirit permeating every inch of his body and poetry, Ram Prasad Bismil was one of the most notable Indian revolutionaries who opposed British colonialism and enabled the country to breathe the air of freedom after centuries of struggle against the imperial forces.
Alongside Sukhdev, Bismil, who was born in 1897, was a well-liked member of the Hindustan Republican Association. Additionally, he took part in the infamous Kakori railway robbery, for which the British authorities executed him.
- Born: 11 June 1897, Shahjahanpur
- Died: 19 December 1927, Gorakhpur Jail, Gorakhpur
- Cause of death: Execution by hanging
- Organization: Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
20. Chandra Shekhar Azad
This is one of the greatest Indian freedom fighters Chandra Shekhar. Chandra Shekhar Azad, who was born in 1906, was Bhagat Singh’s close friend throughout the freedom movement. He belonged to the Hindustan Republican Association and was one of the most courageous and daring Indians to struggle for independence from British rule.
He shot himself with his Colt handgun after killing numerous opponents during a confrontation with British forces. He vowed to never let the British catch him alive.
- Born: 23 July 1906, Bhavra
- Died: 27 February 1931, Chandrashekhar Azad Park
- Full name: Chandrashekhar Tiwari
- Education: Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith
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