present indefinite tense

Present Indefinite Tense: Meaning, Examples & Exercise

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There are three primary categories of verb tenses in English grammar: Past, Present, and Future. The future tense concentrates on things that are yet to occur, the present tense on things that are currently happening, and the past tense on things that have already occurred.

Even while these three tenses appear to be simple ideas that everybody can grasp, understanding the specifics of the various forms of each tense is a difficult task.

It is crucial to increase your fundamental verb tenses knowledge because tenses play a crucial part in how well you write and are frequently tested in language proficiency exams like the IELTS, TOEFL, PTE, etc.

We provide a thorough explanation of the present indefinite tense, often known as the simple present tense, through this blog, along with examples and practice tasks.

 

What is Present Indefinite Tense?

The verb is used to describe tense, which is the time period during which the event is taking place. The action is carried out in the present, but there is no specified time limit for when it must be completed. This is known as the present indefinite tense or present tense. True events, the immediate future, habits, nature, etc. can all be expressed using the present indefinite tense. Example:

  • Choco cake is Shally’s favorite.
  • Every day, Adam eats an apple.

The second is to discuss routine behaviors or events like:

  • I attend class each day.
  • Dad commutes to work each day.

 

Uses for the present tense indefinite

Here are some examples of the various types of actions that the Present Indefinite Tense is used for:

  • The sun rises in the east, man is mortal, and the earth revolves around the sun are all examples of universal truths.
  • In reference to a current event: She sings a song; boys play football; I read a book.
  • For routine activities and those with the adjectives always, never, rarely, and infrequently. For instance, She always tells the truth, I never lie, and my office opens at 11 a.m.
  • My school starts next week, and the third semester starts next month, are examples of upcoming events.

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present indefinite tense

How is the Present Indefinite Tense Constructed?

The majority of regular verbs use the root form in the simple present, with the exception of the third-person singular (which ends in -s).

Rule: The sentence is composed of a subject, a verb, and an object.

First-person singular (I)                                                                         I do

Second-person singular (You)                                                                You do

Third-person singular (He/She/It)                                                           She does

First-person plural (We)                                                                         We do

Second-person plural (You)                                                                    You do

Third-person plural (They)                                                                     They do

 

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First-person singular (I)                                                                          I eat

Second-person singular (You)                                                                 You eat

Third-person singular (He/She/It)                                                            She eats

First-person plural (We)                                                                          We eat

Second-person plural (You)                                                                     You eat

Third-person plural (They)                                                                      They eat

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First-person singular (I)                                                                          I swim

Second-person singular (You)                                                                 You swim

Third-person singular (He/She/It)                                                            She swims

First-person plural (We)                                                                          We swim

Second-person plural (You)                                                                     You swim

Third-person plural (They)                                                                      They swim

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First-person singular (I)                                                                 I walk

Second-person singular (You)                                                        You walk

Third-person singular (He/She/It)                                                   She walks

First-person plural (We)                                                                 We walk

Second-person plural (You)                                                            You walk

Third-person plural (They)                                                             They walk

Link To Present Indefinite Tense Website

 

More Examples of Present Indefinite Tense

We’ve provided several examples of various acts to help you better grasp how to use the Present Indefinite Tense. The highlighted portion of each sentence explains how to use the Present Indefinite Tense:

  • I am aware of how to object against injustice.
  • I dislike fighting.
  • She prefers coffee over tea.
  • You regularly buy groceries there.
  • The author of these romantic poems
  • Love listening to music with genuine lyrics?
  • Every day, he visits the library.
  • Are you a fan of cricket?
  • Cricket is played there every day.
  • They enjoy football games a much.
  • I produce essays on a variety of subjects.
  • In this Cineplex, we watch movies.
  • I perform a variety of musical genres, primarily contemporary
  • Realistic music is written by the lyricist.
  • We’ve come here to do some shopping
  • I enjoy listening to tunes with melody.
  • I am a lover of serenity.
  • I adore my older brother and parents.
  • He reads a variety of novels.
  • He adores taking trips abroad.

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present indefinite tense

How to Make Present Indefinite Tense Negative?

Do/does + not + [root form of verb] is the formula for making a simple present verb negative. Instead of do not or does not, you can use the contraction don’t or doesn’t. Example:

  • The cake is not something Sara wants to share.
  • It is not something Mohak wants to do.
  • I don’t feel like eating right now.

The syntax is [to be] + not, which makes the verb to be negative. Example:

  • While Sara undoubtedly loves cake, I don’t.
  • It’s a delicious cake, but you’re not prepared for it.

 

Recommended

How Do I Use the Present Indefinite Tense in a Question?

The verbs “do” and “dos” are used to form questions in the present simple or present indefinite tenses. Does is used for the third person singular (she/he/it), whereas “do” is used for the other pronouns. We use “do” and “does” with words like where, what, and when. However, while asking inquiries, avoid using the words “do” or “does.”

Let’s go over a few of the examples for inquiries in the present indefinite tense that are listed below:

  • Are you a guitar player?
  • Where in Delhi do you call home?
  • He plays tennis, right?
  • He studies where, exactly?
  • When typically does Raman wake up?
  • On the weekends, who cleans the garden?

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Present Time and Present Indefinite Tense

We discuss the following in the present time and the present simple or present indefinite tense:

  • Something that is actual at this time
  • Anything that frequently happens in the here and now
  • An assertion, item, or occurrence that is always true

present indefinite tense

Examples:

  • I am a 21-year-old.
  • I attend a university.
  • I’m from Delhi.
  • There are 206 bones in a human body.
  • Light moves at a speed of over 300,000 kilometres per second.
  • The sun and the earth are spherical.

 

Utilization Exercise

Now that you are well-versed in the present indefinite tense and how it may be used to describe a variety of actions, it is time to put your knowledge to use. You can practice the examples of exercises for the present indefinite tense that we’ve included below and then post your responses in the comments section.

  1. I just woke up, and it’s ten o’clock. My mother’s room door is the first place I’m going to knock (knocked/knocked/knocked).
  2. She consistently _______ (slept/sleeps/sleeps) until late.
  3. She ought to avoid sleeping for too long today because some visitors will be arriving for lunch.
  4. I typically get up at eight in the morning to ____ (watch/watch) the morning news program.
  5. I take a shower after __ then ___ (eat/have) breakfast after that.
  6. Having an omelette for breakfast is not something I enjoy doing because I would rather have a sandwich and a glass of milk.
  7. There is a little baby bird sitting on the ground.
  8. The infant was ____(crying anxiously). A squirrel is ___ (looking, staring, looking) down at it from a tree branch.
  9. A cat might ___ (kill/killing/kill) the bird if it ____ (saw/sees/see) it.
  10. Tina working in a bakery. (work/works/working)
  11. With my grandparents, I . (live/lives/living)
  12. The cows grazed on grass. (feed/feeds/feeding)
  13. Emily made a scrumptious pie. (make/makes/making)
  14. Sumita speaks English quite well. (speak/speaks/speaking)
  15. Martin is heading out for a morning stroll. (go/goes/going)
  16. Every Tuesday, my father ____ (goes/going/goes) to the temple.
  17. Seema is a 22-year-old woman. (is/am/are)
  18. Because I’m so thirsty right now, I could easily drink an entire sea.
  19. What _______ (is/are/will) your weekend plans?
  20. Do you reside (or are you residing) in London?

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