branches of sciences

Branches of Sciences – Physical, Earth & Life

Posted by
Spread the love

Branches Of Sciences – Physical, Earth & Life: Even without familiarizing yourself with the underlying theories and learning them, it is astronomically difficult to comprehend the seemingly endless variety of branches of sciences disciplines.

Before deciding on one and putting the necessary effort into learning it, it is crucial for those who want to pursue a career in the science field or who alternate between the Science vs. Commerce issue to comprehend the many methodically divided sub-disciplines within branches of sciences.

The fundamental building blocks of physics, chemistry, and biology, as well as more complex disciplines like neurobiology, biochemistry, and electromagnetics, each have their own unique set of components and standards.

The main goal of this article is to outline the branches of sciences and the numerous subfields that make up each of them.

 

Three Branches of Sciences

As these three fields explore the nature of our world and the cosmos in the broadest sense, modern science is primarily composed of these three main branches of sciences: natural sciences, social sciences, and formal sciences. The three primary branches of science are as follows:

  1. Natural Sciences
  2. Social Sciences
  3. Formal Sciences

Read Also: Top 9 Tuition Free Universities in Canada for International Students 2022

branches of sciences

1. Natural Sciences

Natural sciences is of the branches of sciences, which examine the nature of the cosmos and our physical environment, are the foundation of all other areas of study. Natural sciences are divided into three categories:

  1. Universe-wide Study: Physics
  2. The study of matter in chemistry
  3. Biology is the scientific study of life and living things.

Modern science also includes social sciences and formal sciences in addition to the natural sciences (explained in more detail in the following section).

 

2. Social Sciences

One of the branches of sciences is the Social sciences . social sciences investigate the interactions between people and their social environments as well as human communities from throughout the world.

The following are the main areas of social science:

  • Psychology
  • Sociology
  • Anthropology
  • Economics
  • Archaeology
  • History
  • Geography
  • Law
  • Politics

3. Formal Sciences

Formal sciences is one of the branches of sciences. Since it uses formal systems to generate knowledge and explore the nature of several fields, from mathematics and logic to computer science and information technology, formal sciences is quite a special area of study in science. The following are the formal sciences’ most significant branches:

  • Mathematics
  • Logic
  • Computer Science
  • Data Science
  • Statistics
  • Systems Science
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Information Technology, etc.

Branches of Natural Science

One of the branches of sciences (Natural science) Physical sciences, life sciences, and earth sciences, which are the foundational fields of the vast field of natural sciences, are the three main disciplines into which modern scientific inquiry is meticulously divided.

Earth sciences are frequently incorporated into the category of physical sciences, though. The three fields of science must be combined in order to incorporate the fast expanding study and exploration, even though Biology, Physics, and Chemistry [BiPC Subjects] have long been regarded as the core elements of the broad stream of Science.

 

List of Branches of Sciences and Their Sub-Fields

Physical Sciences

List Of sub branches of sciences in physical science are

  • Physics
  • Mechanics
  • Electromagnetics
  • Thermodynamics
  • Kinetics
  • Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Earth Sciences

Life Sciences

List of sub branches of sciences in life science are

  • Anatomy
  • Botany
  • Biology
  • Zoology
  • Neurobiology
  • Marine Biology
  • Embryology
  • Ecology
  • Palaeontology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology
  • Ethology

Earth Sciences

List of sub branches of sciences in earth science.

  • Astronomy
  • Meteorology
  • Geology
  • Atmospheric Sciences
  • Glaciology
  • Climatology
  • Structural Geology

Earth sciences have been incorporated into physical sciences, but they have also been presented separately for the sake of the presentation.

 

Physical Sciences

Astronomy, Physics, Chemistry, and Earth Sciences are all areas of the Physical Sciences that deal with the study of the inorganic components of our environment.

The field of analytical chemistry is one of the major fields of science and encompasses such fundamental ideas as heat, magnetics, acoustics, optics, energy, and analytical chemistry.

Although it can be challenging to establish a distinction between Physics and Chemistry, the key difference between the two is that whereas Chemistry studies the properties of various materials and elements and how they interact with one another, Physics studies matter at the subatomic level.

 

Sub-fields of Physical Science

  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Planetary Science
  • Astrophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Polymer Science
  • Geology Meteorology

Courses Offered in Physical Sciences

  • BSc/MSc Physics
  • BSc/MSc Chemistry
  • MSc Space Sciences
  • MSc Particle Physics
  • MSc Nuclear Physics
  • MSc Astrophysics etc.

Top Jobs in Physical Sciences

  • Physicist
  • Astronaut
  • Chemist
  • Astronomer
  • Cosmologist
  • Software Engineer
  • Computer scientist
  • Scientist
  • Nuclear Technician
  • Astrophysicist
  • Space Scientist

branches of sciences

Life Sciences

The study of all life forms, specifically those found in the water, on land, and in the air, at the microscopic level, is covered more thoroughly in life sciences than in biology.

It focuses on issues outside of biology, such as biophysics and biochemistry, in addition to several biological specialties.

Physical sciences are thought of as those branches of science that study living things, and they cover topics like agriculture, behavioral sciences, toxicology, parasitology, and virology among others. They also cover topics like the anatomy, ecology, and evolution of living things, as well as their nerve structure, genetic makeup, and toxicology.

The coursework demands a great deal of learning and investigation, and the courses are quite demanding and intense.

Link To Branches Of Science Website

 

Sub-fields in Life Science

  • Biology
  • Zoology
  • Neuroscience
  • Genetics
  • Biochemistry
  • Microbiology
  • Taxonomy
  • Marine Biology
  • Morphology Biotechnology
  • Ecology Entomology

 

Popular branches of sciences (Life Science) Courses

  • BSc Botany
  • MSc Zoology
  • BSc/MSc Anatomy
  • BSc/MSc Molecular Biology
  • BSc/MSc Genetics
  • BSc/MSc Biotechnology
  • MSc Bioinformatics
  • MSc Biochemistry etc.

 

Top Jobs in Life Sciences

  • Marine Biologist
  • Zoologist
  • Biochemist
  • Pharmacologist
  • Forensic Scientist
  • Virologist
  • Biologist
  • Botanist
  • Biotechnologist

Recommended

Earth Sciences

The study of the earth, the atmosphere, and the water, or more particularly, the geologic, hydrologic, or atmospheric sciences, are all included in the category of earth sciences.

This field of research focuses on the evolution of the physical environment and is concerned with those fields of science that look at how the Earth was created and how it has changed over time. Numerous ideas are covered, including the examination of landforms, the sorts of rocks, the dating of rocks and minerals, and fossils, among others.

In addition, the area of Applied Earth Sciences seeks to determine how best to use environmental principles from Earth Science.

 

Courses Offered in Earth Sciences

  • BSc Geology
  • MSc Geology
  • BSc/MSc Geography
  • BSc/MSc Astronomy
  • MSc Climatology
  • MSc Meteorology etc.

branches of sciences

Top Job Profiles in Earth Sciences

  • Meteorologist
  • Land planners
  • Oceanographer
  • Geologist
  • Palaeontologists
  • Environmental scientist
  • Hydrogeologist
  • Hydrologist
  • Seismologist

 

Specialized Branches of Sciences

The listings of various science-related fields that straddle disciplines that have developed over time are provided below.

  • Agronomy: Crop plants
  • Anthropology: Human past, behaviours, and cultures
  • Aeronautics: Airplanes and flights
  • Astronomy: Celestial Objects
  • Astrophysics: Understanding the working of the universe
  • Biotechnology: Creating/developing products using microorganisms
  • Cytology: Cell study
  • Engineering: Scientific principles and their applications
  • Exobiology: Extraterrestrial life
  • Forensic Science: Application of Science in legal process/criminal investigations
  • Materials Science: Study of properties of solid materials
  • Mycology: Study on Fungi
  • Ornithology: Study of birds
  • Psychology: Understanding the human mind and behaviour
  • Petrology: Rocks, origin, and characteristics
  • Radiology: Diagnosing and treating various diseases
  • Toxicology: Chemical components and their effects on living organisms
  • Virology: Study of Virus

Note that many scientific specialties cross over into different academic fields.

Read Also: Top 15 Best Free Education Countries for International Students

 

FAQs

What are the top 10 fields of science?

Following is a list of the top 10 scientific fields:

  1. Physics
  2. Biology
  3. Chemistry
  4. Zoology
  5. Astronomy
  6. Medicine
  7. Astrophysics
  8. Earth Sciences
  9. Environmental Science
  10. Biomedicine

How many different types of science exist?

There are many different types of science. Biology, mathematics, physics, chemistry, and social science are among the most popular.

The person who founded science, who?

The father of science is thought to be Galileo Galilei.

What field of science does the human body fall under?

Science’s field of anatomy and physiology is concerned with the human body.

What are the 15 scientific disciplines?

  1. Astronomy & Astrophysics
  2. Chemistry
  3. Earth Sciences
  4. Mathematics & Statistics
  5. Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
  6. Nanotechnology
  7. Physics
  8. Oceanology
  9. Genetics
  10. Physics
  11. Zoology
  12. Astronomy
  13. Marine biology
  14. Botany
  15. Geology

What are the four primary scientific fields?

Mathematics and logic, biological science, physical science, and social science are the four main categories of science.

What professions in the biological sciences are in demand?

  • Marine Biologist
  • Zoologist
  • Biochemist
  • Pharmacologist
  • Forensic Scientist
  • Virologist
  • Biologist
  • Botanist
  • Biotechnologist

What are the most in-demand jobs in the branches of sciences in (physical sciences) ?

  • Physicist
  • Astronaut
  • Chemist
  • Astronomer
  • Cosmologist
  • Software Engineer
  • Computer scientist
  • Scientist
  • Nuclear Technician
  • Astrophysicist
  • Space Scientist

Read Also: Top 20 Frequently Asked Time Management Interview Questions

What positions in earth sciences are in demand?

  • Meteorologist
  • Land planners
  • Oceanographer
  • Geologist
  • Palaeontologists
  • Environmental scientist
  • Hydrogeologist
  • Hydrologist
  • Seismologist

See also:
WHY INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS SHOULD CONSIDER EDUCATION IN THE US | HOW TO GET A U.S VISA

 

Trust you found our article on Branches Of Sciences – Physical, Earth & Life helpful. follow our website for more interesting articles.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *