Basic Physics Formulas and Notes For Competitive Exams: Ever wonder how gravity operates or why the sky is blue? The main focus of physics is on the interactions between the building blocks of the cosmos.
This topic, which includes a wide variety of sub-fields from nuclear physics to quantum physics, is a crucial component of the syllabus for many competitive tests held for admission to engineering and technical programs.
This article attempts to provide you with a thorough rundown of all the fundamental basic physics formulas and notes for competitive exams you need to be familiar with in order to ace your chosen competitive exam.
List of basic physics formulas and notes for competitive exams
Here are some basic physics formulas and notes for competitive exams
1. Average Speed Formula
This is one of the basic physics formulas and notes for competitive exams. It is used to calculate the average speed (S) of a moving body for the distance covered (D) as well as the time duration (T). S = d/t
2. Acceleration Formula
This is also one of the basic physics formulas and notes for competitive exams. Acceleration refers to the rate of change in velocity to the change in time. It is denoted by symbol a. a =(v-u)/t
3. Density Formula
This is one of the basic physics formulas and notes for competitive exams. This formula depicts the denseness of material in a specific given area. P=m/V
4. Power Formula
This is also one of the basic physics formulas and notes for competitive exams. The capacity to perform an activity is known as Energy. On the other hand, energy spent in carrying out an activity (work) for a particular period of time is termed as Power. P=W/t
5. Newton’s Second Law
This is one of the basic physics formulas and notes for competitive exams. Using the formula, the force can be expressed by the product of mass and acceleration of the body. F = ma
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6. Weight Formula
The formula measures the force with which an object falls due to gravity. W=mg
7. Pressure Formula
Pressure refers to the amount of force applied per unit area of the object. P=F/A
8. Ohm’s Law Formula
This is one of the basic physics formulas and notes for competitive exams. Ohm’s law states that the current passing through a conductor material is directly proportional to the potential difference between two endpoints of the conductor. V= I × R
9. Kinetic Energy Formula
Kinetic energy is the energy that is possessed by a body due to its state of motion. E = 1/2 mv²
10. Frequency Formula
This is one of the basic physics formulas and notes for competitive exams. Frequency refers to the revolutions completed per second or as the number of wave cycles. F =v/λ
11. Pendulum Formula
This is as well one of the basic physics formulas and notes for competitive exams. This equation calculates how long the pendulum takes swing back and forth in seconds T = 2π√Lg
12. Fahrenheit Formula
This is one of the basic physics formulas and notes for competitive exams. This is a conversion formula for a temperature. F = (9/5× °C) + 32
13. Work Formula
This is one of the basic physics formulas and notes for competitive exams. The work formula measures the multiplication of magnitude of displacement d and the component of the force. W = F × d × cosθ
14. Torque Formula
This is one of the basic physics formulas and notes for competitive exams. Torque is rotational force or turning effect. It measures the magnitude of T = F × r × sinθ
15. Displacement Formula
This is one of the basic physics formulas and notes for competitive exams. Refers to the change in the object’s position from its initial place to its final position. D = Xf–Xi = ΔX
16. Mass Formula
This is also one of the basic physics formulas and notes for competitive exams. This formula represents the relationship between force and mass. Here, F = force, m = mass, and a = acceleration. F = ma or m = F/m
Popular basic physics formulas and notes for competitive exams
Average Speed Formula
Using this Physics formula, we can calculate the average speed (S) of a moving body for the distance covered (D) as well as the time duration (T).
This formula depicts the denseness of material in a specific given area.
Acceleration is the rate of change velocity with respect to the change in time.
The capacity to perform an activity is known as Energy. On the other hand, energy spent in carrying out an activity (work) for a particular period of time is termed as Power.
The amount of force applied per unit of an area is referred to as the pressure of an object.
Ohm’s Law Formula
Amongst the popular Physics formulas, the Ohm’s Law is explained as the current (I) passing through some conductor material is directly proportional to the potential difference (V) between the two endpoints of the conductor.
Notes on Basic Physics Formulas
It is crucial to become familiar with the syllabus and exam format in order to succeed in any competitive exam. One cannot dispute the truth that learning the nuances on your suggestions is necessary to obtain a tempting score given the large quantity of applicants each year.
Most of the time, everyone prepares the key ideas, but understanding the finer points of the subjects is what earns extra points.
While it’s important to brush up on your fundamental Basic physics formulas, it’s also crucial to review the subject’s core ideas. We have covered some of the frequently asked questions in the field of physics in order to aid you in strengthening the many ideas covered.
In a lot of engineering exams, questions about the SI unit are regularly posed. In addition to the above-mentioned fundamental physics formulas, the following are the main points you need to keep in mind regarding SI units.
However, despite the fact that the idea of SI units is given less weight, they are frequently used in test question papers. Here are some key SI that you need to apply to your fundamental physics formulas and keep in mind.
Name of the Quantity SI Unit Name of the Unit
Mass Kilogram Kg
Time Second s
Length Metre m
Thermodynamic/ Temperature Kelvin K
Electric Current Ampere A
Luminous Candela Cd
Amount of Substance Mole Mole
Electric Resistance Ohm Ω
Power Watt W
Wavelength of Light Angstrom Å
Magnetic Induction Gauss Gs
Electric Charge Coulomb C
Atmospheric Pressure Bar bar
Energy Joule J
Magnetic Flux Maxwell Mx
Pressure Pascal Pa
Force Newton N
Important Equipment and Instruments
The majority of us only have a basic understanding of the tools or equipment utilized in different physics investigations.
To assess a student’s comprehension of fundamental physics ideas and formulas, these instruments can be included into a variety of questions.
Check out the list of these tools and gadgets below, along with their distilled definitions.
Speedometer A device used to measure and display the speed of a vehicle.
Accelerometer It is a device that measures acceleration
Dynamometer Usually, this device is used for measuring the torque, force as well as the power of a body.
Anemometer Through this device, we can measure the speed of the wind.
Galvanometer It is an electromechanical instrument which is utilised for detecting and indicating the electric current.
Barometer A barometer is a scientific instrument which has its application in meteorology and is used to calculate the atmospheric pressure.
Viscometer Through this device, we can calculate the viscosity of a fluid.
Seismometer This instrument helps in assessing and measuring the random motions inside the earth’s crust caused by an earthquake or volcanic eruption etc.
Voltmeter By using a voltmeter, we can measure the electrical potential difference between two given points
Questions to Ponder On basic physics formulas and notes for competitive exams
- A door is 40 centimeters wide. In the event that it is freed by applying a 2 N force on its edge (away from the hinges). The torque that opens the door should be calculated.
- The 4 meters of a pendulum. Each cycle takes 0.25 seconds to finish in full. The pendulum bob can swing out 0.1 meters from the center at its maximum distance. determine the oscillation’s time frame? What is the displacement at the end of 0.6 seconds?
- The period of a pendulum on Earth is 1.90 second. What is its period on Mars, when the Earth’s gravitational acceleration is only around 0.37 times that of Mars?
- Let’s imagine a man driving a lawnmower over a grass while exerting effort on the handle that is slanted downward at a 60-degree angle from the horizontal plane. On top of that, the force is 900 N strong. Thus, suppose he pushes the mower 30 meters. Next, determine the amount of effort required to move the lawnmower by the individual.
- At 50 Hz, a wave has frequency. Moreover, it has a 10 m wavelength. How fast is the wave, exactly?
- Consider the scenario where Geeta travels from Delhi to see Rohit. 350 kilometers to the north are traveled by her rail trip. After then, for 125 kilometers, the railway reverses direction. Using the displacement formula, what is Geeta’s total displacement?
- On the ground lies a box with a resting mass of 250 N. Over what area is the box in contact with the floor if the pressure it exerts on the floor is 25,000 Pa?
- One kilogram is the mass of the thing. Additionally, it is subject to a 2 Newton force. Analyze the object’s acceleration to determine its size and direction.
- A person weighs about 70 kg, and the Earth’s gravity is 9.8 m/s2. How much does this individual weigh?
- Calculate the gravitational force acting on two objects with mass differences of 15 g and 15 kg and a distance of 11 m.
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