types of motion

Types of Motion: Definition & Example

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Take into account that you are watching TV while lounging on your couch. Ask yourself if you are at rest or in motion. You are clearly relaxed. However, let’s reevaluate the scenario. Since the planet is always moving and we all live on it, are you currently in motion or at rest?

It can be difficult to figure out the solution to such difficult queries. You should thoroughly familiarize yourself with the many types of motion before setting out to answer such difficult questions.

Here is a blog that seeks to explain it with examples so that you can use it to your advantage in various competitive and entrance tests.

types of motion


What is Motion?

Motion is the uninhibited shifting of a body’s position in relation to time. As an illustration, consider the fan, the carpet dust that is blowing off of it, the water running from the faucet, the ball rolling around, the driving car, etc. The entire cosmos is constantly in motion.

Are these movements repeated throughout? Is a pendulum’s motion comparable to a moving vehicle like a car or train? It is possible to discern between the many motions that are taking place around us primarily on the basis of:

  • Time
  • Speed
  • Distance
  • Path

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Motion Types

There are four primary forms of motion, according to physics and mechanics:

  • Motion of a rotor: A particular kind of motion where the subject rotates around a fixed axis, such as a figure skater revolving on an ice rink.
  • Movement that oscillates: An action that repeats itself repeatedly, such as a swing, with the same object performing the same motion.
  • Oscillatory Motion: an action that is one-dimensional and linear, such as a runner on a straight track.
  • Reciprocating Motions: A consistent, repeating up-and-down or back-and-forth action, similar to that of a sewing machine needle.

As for other motion kinds, they vary depending on the direction or the condition of the motion.

types of motion according to state

  • Uniform Motion
  • Non-Uniform Motion

Various motions according to the direction

  • One Dimensional Motion
  • Two Dimensional Motion
  • Three Dimensional Motion

Other types of motion

  • Translational Motion
  • Periodic Motion
  • Circular Motion

Other Types of Motion

The seven primary forms of motion identified by physics are described below:

Oscillatory Motion

Oscillatory motion is simply the motion that an object makes by repeating a particular movement. When there is no friction, oscillatory motion would continue moving indefinitely, but in the real world, the motion eventually ceases and reaches equilibrium. The following are a few of the most effective instances of oscillatory motion:

  • A swinging swing
  • The motion of a pendulum
  • A boat tossing up and down a river
  • The tuning fork


Rotatory Movement

An item is said to be in rotation when it rotates about its axis and each of its constituent pieces moves a distinct distance over the course of a certain amount of time. Therefore, if an item is rotating, each of its components will move a different distance in the same amount of time. As an illustration, consider a merry-go-round, a fan, a windmill, etc.

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Moving in translation

Transitional motion is defined as when all of an object’s pieces move by the same amount in the same amount of time. a man walking on the street, a bicycle cycling along a track, or birds soaring through the air, for instance.

There are primarily two categories of translation motion, which are described below:

Curvilinear Motion

  • Curvilinear motion is the term for when a translating object moves along a curved route.
  • Example: A stone thrown up in the air

Rectilinear Motion

  • Rectilinear motion is when an object moving in translation chooses a straight line as its path.
  • Example: A train moving on a straight track or a car moving on a straight road

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Periodic Motion

Periodic motion is a type of movement that repeats itself at regular periods of time. Typically, the motion of the items under this motion is primarily to and fro. Here are a few illustrations of periodic motion.

  • A moving pendulum
  • Hands of a working clock
  • the earth rotating on its axis, etc.

types of motion


Circular Motion

Circular motion is the term used to describe an object that moves continuously in a circle. The object’s speed should remain constant in circular motion. Here are a few instances of circular motion:

  • Movement of the earth on its axis
  • A bicycle or a car moving on a circular track of park
  • the motion of the moon around the earth etc.


Linear Motion

The movement of a body in a straight line without any deviations is referred to as linear motion. These are significant instances of linear motion:

  • A person exercising on a park’s straight track
  • A pistol shot of a bullet


Uniform Motion

When a body travels the same distance over the same period of time, it is said to be in a state of uniform motion. If we were to graph the motion in such circumstances, it would appear as a straight line. Instances of uniform motion include:

  • A vehicle traveling steadily and in a straight line
  • A plane in the air traveling at a fixed height and steady speed, etc.

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Non-Uniform Motion

When a particular body travels different distances in the same amount of time at different intervals, that movement is known as non-uniform motion. On a graph, a curved line will reflect the path of a body moving in a non-uniform motion. Non-uniform motion examples include:

  • A male pedestrian on the street
  • A body falling unimpeded
  • A train traveling at different speeds, etc.


types of motion

FAQs on Types of motion

What kind of motion occurs most frequently?

The most typical kind of motion in sports and physical activity is general motion.

Is it accurate to say that all motion has a purpose?

Every movement is compared to a reference frame. A body is characterized in respect to a frame of reference that is moving together with it when it is said to be at rest or that it is not in motion.

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